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CARTHAGE

Header: Carthage. (Tunisia). This coin, housed in the Museo Kircheriano, is one of six known coins struck during the Carthaginian invasion of Italy c.217 B.C.E. All of them show Hannibals personal Indian elephant on one side. On the other side a likeness of Hannibal, the great Carthaginian leader. All have different Punic characters written on them. Originally published in P. Raffaele Garrucci, Le Monete DellItalia Antica (Rome, 1885, plate T.LXXV).

Top row: (1) Phoenician bust in Egyptian style. Louvre Museum, Paris. (2) Phoenicia (Israel/Palestine). Nimrud Ivory. 9th century B.C.E. (3) From the Antonine Baths in Carthage, Hermaiques: Pillars topped by the head of the god Hermes. Protective injunctions, which were widespread in the Roman world. Circa 100 A.C.E. The Bardo Museum, Tunisia. (4) Phoenicians bringing gifts for the Persian King, Persepolis relief, 5th century B.C.E.

Bottom row: (1) Phoenicians with monkeys. Relief from the Palace of Assyrian King Ashumasirpal II, 883-859 B.C.E. (2) Captain of the blacks, minoan crete, knossos fresco. 1550-1500 B.C.E. (3) Decorative Pottery. Said to be the Cyrenian (Libya) King Arkesilas (of the Greek Battiad dynasty) watching over the bundling of wool, 565-560 B.C.E. Found in Vulci, Etruria (Italy). Battus was actually a Minyan, who were among the original Black people of Greece. (4) Phoenicia (Israel/Palestine). Nimrud Ivory. 9th century B.C.E.

Illustration of the great African General Hannibal Barca.

Images above: (1) Close-up of one of the unidentified figures supporting Darius' throne. (2) Bust of a Roman Youth. (3) 3D rendition of what Carthage might have looked like at the height of its power. In the foreground you can see the Cothon, the city's famous military harbour. Produced by The Creative Assembly. (4) Photo of ancient Carthage.


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